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Learn How to Read Stocks and Use Stock Metadata

By Stan Pokutylowicz : A how to tutorial about how to read stocks, stock metadata, stock market keywords, Product Reviews with step by step guide from Stan Pokutylowicz.

Normal 0 MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman";} How to Read Stocks When you say you know how to read stocks , this means you can intelligently interpret the information presented about a company’s stock market information and its associated stock metadata, the data about its data. It’s a simple fact that knowing how to read stocks is really an integral part of learning to invest . Some people think that when they learn to invest money in one area, they can simply transfer that specific knowledge and know how to invest online in order to rake in the money. That’s not necessarily the case. Not only do they need to know how to read stocks, they also need to use stock market metadata and stock metadata to their advantage.   For those of you who have never used stock metadata, Stock-Market-Keywords.com has devoted a considerable amount of attention to this topic.   Details on stock metadata including explanations and actual reports can be found on the Bulls-with-Bears page at Stock-Market-Keywords.com as well as from other online sources. When reading stock market information , one of the problems people experience is that they simply aren’t clear on standard stock quote terms.   They may understand the words but aren’t always 100% clear regarding the context in which these terms are used.   Furthermore, they often wonder whose information is more accurate, the large-city newspaper or an online site. The purpose of this article is to bring some clarity to the subject. These days, people tend to use online sites as their primary source of information on the stock market.   That applies to obtaining stock quotes or learning about new terms being used.   When comparing newspapers to online sites, it only makes sense that information presented in newspapers can only be as accurate as when it was printed. But for online sites, the level of accuracy would be as recent as the latest update that was applied, something that could have occurred within the previous few minutes.   For newspapers to match the amount and variety of information available online from one site alone, each issue printed would probably need to be bigger than a standard set of encyclopedias and then some. Furthermore, if a person isn't sure about terms being used, with online search sites the answers are only a click away.  To make the process even easier, Stock-Market-Keywords.com has a portfolio of the most popular keyword terms that people use when searching for information about the stock market. It’s a given that learning how to read stocks requires a person to understand the terminology. The following list presents stock market terminology which is often found either in newspapers, online, or both.   Terminology Descriptions   (*) - When referring to the information available online and depending upon the level of information being viewed, the term “day” can also be changed and be replaced by a different time period like week, month, year, 1minutes, 5 minutes, etc. We start off describing how to read stocks by looking at the term Ticker Symbol .   This is usually a one-to-four letter code assigned by the stock exchange to identify a particular company.   For example, MS is the code used for Morgan Stanly while MSFT is used for Microsoft.   Codes for all publicly-traded companies can be found within the Financial section of popular sites like Yahoo!, Google and others.   Last Trade is next and this value tells you the latest price of the stock. Unless you have access to live-streaming services (shows the actual price of the stock in real time), the value displayed can be time-delayed by anywhere from 15 to 20 minutes.   Trade Time represents the latest price reported for the stock.   Change is the difference in value between the current price and the closing price for the previous day ( * ).   Previous Close is the specific price the stock was at when the stock market closed for trading on the previous business day.   Open is the value of the stock when it opened for trading for the day ( * ).   Bid is the price per share somebody is offering to buy the stock.   Ask is the price per share that somebody is willing to accept to sell shares owned by them.   1Y Target Est is the price that market analysts expect the stock to reach during the next 12 months.   Day’s Range indicates the low to high trading price of the stock so far during the day.   52wk Range indicates the low to high trading price of the stock to-date over the past 52 weeks.   Volume indicates the number of shares that have changed hands during the day under review..   Avg Vol (3m) tells you that average number of shares that have changed hands daily over the past three months.   Market Cap stands for market capitalization which is essentially the calculated value of the company reached by taking the price of the stock and multiplying the number by the number of shares outstanding.   P/E stands for price/earnings ratio and shows the multiple of earnings at which the stock is selling.   This value calculated by taking the current stock price and dividing that amount by the current earnings per share.   Earnings per shares for the P/E ratio are calculated by dividing earnings reported for the past 12 months and dividing that number by the number of current shares outstanding.   The higher the ratio, the higher is the expectation of future growth. . EPS stands for Earnings per Share, a representation of a company’s profit divided by the number of outstanding shares in the company.   If a company earns $100 and has100 shares outstanding, $1.00 would be its EPS.   Div & Yield represents the value calculated by taking the amount of dividends paid by the company and dividing that by the current stock price.     Stock Metadata Explained Smart investors and traders are constantly aware of the information available from stock market history . In addition to understanding and interpreting stock charts , knowing how to read stocks, they know Where to find accurate and timely stock market news and analyst opinions The best sites for up-to-date stock quotes and stock market result s Where to find the best sources of stock charts as well as how to understand and interpret them, and How to take advantage of stock metadata when trading and investing.   Smart investors also understand the topic of stock metadata .  An excellent source for learning more about stock metadata is the Stock-Market-Keywords.com site and more specifically, by going to its Bulls-with-Bears page.     And to help illustrate the information presented by stock metadata, from Monday to Friday, this site also publishes the following 5 different metadata reports on different publicly-traded companies: Daily Historical Metadata Detail Daily Historical Metadata Summary 15-minute Metadata Detail 15-minute Metadata Summary 15-minute Hi-Low Counts The Bulls-with-Bears page also contains detailed descriptions of all its stock metadata reports and talks about strategies for using stock metadata.  Because the techniques being used only consist of adding, subtracting and counting occurrences, this concept is easy to understand. Statistically speaking, stock metadata can show the time of the day when the highest and lowest prices for stocks are reached, the time of the day when the highest and lowest number of shares are traded, and more. The use of stock metadata also can help to spot trends and patterns. For example, if the stock closes near its high for the day, what happens to the price during the next day’s first half hour of trading. Having this source of analysis and decision-making power available reduces or even eliminates the need to rely on another person’s opinion to guide your stock market transactions. Although it does take some work, you can also prepare your own stock metadata following the format used for any of the existing reports and you’ll be good to go. Conclusion If you want to succeed at something, it usually requires work and commitment.   And it doesn’t hurt to have talent.   But all the hard work and talent devoted to stock market investing will be wasted if you don’t have the basics like knowing and using the terminology of the stock market as well as understanding and being able to interpret stock metadata.   Granted it may seem difficult at times but in the end, it will all be worth it.   The Nike company got it right the first time with their slogan – “Just do it!”   And now it’s up to you.   Good luck. Stan Pokutylowicz





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